Lhoosk'uz Dené Nation (Kluskus First Nations)

Background: A small, rural, and isolated aboriginal community in central British Columbia, the Kluskus Indian Reserve lacks access to potable water meeting the Canadian federal and provincial standards. Two deep, untreated water wells with high iron and manganese levels are the current water source; ;they are also located in close proximity to a failing septic bed.. These heavy metals cannot be removed via boiling. The residents find the colour, taste and residual stains of the water unpleasant and thus rely on bottled water for consumption. Kluskus is in the process of determining the feasibility of an alternative drinking water source. Currently, the community lives under a boil water advisory. 

Scope of Work: Our work for 2015-2017 will focus on determining the feasibility of surface and ground water (including Tony’s Lake and Kluskus Creek) as drinking water sources. This process will involve developing a comprehensive water quality database for each source, collecting data on their potential to form disinfection by-products, identifying the optimal point to draw water, identifying suitable water well locations,  and understanding trends in source water quality to develop a treatment plan.



Project team meeting with Elders and community members of Kluskus IR 1 to discuss drinking water solutions.
Project team conducting a terrestrial survey of Tony's Lake. (January, 2016)
Project team on their way to the lake in the early morning to conduct terrestrial survey of Tony's Lake. (January, 2016)
Project team measuring the depth and volume of Tony's Lake. (January, 2016)
Project crew working with Kluskus Water Operator to deliver hydrometric equipment to Tony's Lake. (January, 2016)
To date, the residents of Kluskus IR 1 depend on weekly deliveries of 5-gallon water containers for all their drinking and cooking water needs. (January, 2016)
View from the existing water well.
The former septic system.
The community's failing septic field.
RES'EAU's Scientific Director, Dr. Madjid Mohseni, address the community at a gathering to discuss local water requirements.
RES'EAU-WaterNET and Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering at UBC welcomed Chief Liliane Squinas and Lhoosk'uz Dené Nation (Kluskus) for a facility tour and discussion in 2014.
Tony's Lake, one of the two viable options for sourcewater for the community
Kluskus Creek, another potential water source.
The RES'EAU team on a site visit in 2015.